JUly COMPOSER: claude debussy
Prelude to the afternoon of a faun 1894
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun is possibly Debussy’s most famous piece. It’s hailed as ground-breaking — some claiming it as a historical turning point for music. The flute solo that ushers in the piece has no recognisable key and an ambiguous interval structure, clearly displaying Debussy’s unusual compositional techniques. This makes it sound like it should sound dissonant or wrong and it did to many audiences at the time. Debussy’s compositions influenced many future composers and these days these sounds are as familiar as birdsong. To me, at least, it is richly melodic and full.
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun is based on Stéphane Mallarmé’s poem Afternoon of a Faun, about a mythical half-man, half-goat creature and some naked nymphs. This 10 minute symphonic poem begins and ends with a flute solo, the story circle nicely complete. It’s composed for a small orchestra which was also contrary to other compositions of the times.
Watch Leonard Bernstein conduct
It’s hard to get the image of naked nymphs and halfing creatures out of my head while listening to this. But a comment on youtube prompted another intense imagery. This piece has the sense of flying about it. Floating up above the treetops on a warm languid summers evening.
Flying over the woods with hands outstretched gently brushing the leaves of the trees as you pass. Swooping down into a hollow and circling a pond, then following a stream for a while, diving down low so that your nose touches the water with a kiss. You’re not apart or separate from the woods, but part of them. In a clearing you come down to the earth finally, elated but exhausted, and some naked nymphsand fauns frolic around you. (Sorry just couldn’t get past them).
All of the other pieces of Debussy’s I have looked at have been triptychs, pieces made up of 3 movements. Prelude of the Afternoon of a Faun is short, intense and somewhat fleeting. A good way to introduce a strictly classical listening world to a new sound. The poem is it based on was revolutionary and startlingly original in its time. Both the poem and the composition led to a ballet, by Nijinksy which also attracted outrage and consternation of the type ‘this is not art.’ (Check out Lady Fanciful’s blog, she has an insightful breakdown of these art works).
However, as with many things, what was once outrageous and unusual has now become swallowed into the norm. If Debussy were alive today I wonder what he would make of our modern music? Would we find him at house raves, in mosh pits or line dancing? Would he enjoy the soundtrack to Star Wars, ET and Harry Potter? But mostly I wonder what he would make of the long line of musical score connecting himself back then with us today.